The cultivation process :

At the moment of cutting bananas, the bunch is "calibrated" by measuring the diameter and length of the middle finger of the second hand.
For harvest, the fruit is cut in a "V", it means at side of the stem of the plant. In this way, the bunch goes down slowly, by supporting the descent with the billhook and calculating to be placed at the shoulder height of the carrier.The cradle charger must be kept clean so as not to spoil the bunch that rests on the shoulder.
It has a distance around established a distance of 50 meters until come to the ropeway batch cutting.
Longer distances increase fruit spoiling. Before hanging the cluster, the rachis has to be covered with plastic, so that the cut made during harvesting has not have spilled latex over the fruit. During transport in the cable path, the clusters are moved with a protective pad between the hands so that they do not rub against each other. In addition, to avoid spoiling between those separators are used.
Once that the clusters are received, we do evaluation about quality of the fruit, getting a sample of 8% in order to determine the calibration, weight, size and any type of defect that can damage the quality. Defects are graded as mild, moderate and severe.
We do a quality report as from the plantation, not only in the packing plant. It goes according to the care given since the field. We have in mind that if our fruit is excellent upon receipt, it will be the same quality at the packaging moment. The hands counting and calibration (check grade and almond) in the packing process allow firming and select harvested fruits.
The Deflowering is the removal of the dried flowers that are on the tip of the banana. It starts with the lower hand. This is done with the fingers, without using rags or polyethylene.
An important aspect when receiving of the fruit is the washing under heavy pressure to clean excess harvest hands and eliminate the presence of insects besides prevent fingers from getting stained by fresh latex.
Dehanding
Banana dehanding consist in separate the hands of the rachis, for which we use two basic tools: "the curved and spoon or spatula big ridge", for which we take one by one the hands, then put them in tubs of trimming to proceed with the selection in which fingers are discarded as unfit
Selection, washing, sanity.
Each hand is carefully washed and selected to set quality standards. Very small hands, deformed or defective such as spoiling, scratches, damage caused by insects or other presentation that make weaken in more than two fingers are not allowed. Using very sharp curved knives is arranged any damage to the crown.
Washing the fruit is mainly based on latex and removal impurities, whereby in both water tubs, should be kept permanently running water with installations that ensure a steady flow throughout the process.
This helps remove crowns latex caused by the cuts made during the selection of the fruit. The clusters must take a tour from the beginning of the tub to the weighing area, in this way; the clusters must remain submerged with the crown down so that the crown removes the latex. The weaning of the bananas should run in a time of between 15-17 minutes. To reduce excess latex in this tub washing, do dispersant application of implements latex.
Weight and labeling
We placed the fruits on trays in such a way that the weighed holds fruit combined according to the type of packaging. Permanently, the balance is checked in order to reach the right weight. The clusters or hands selection for the weighing is indirectly the latest fruit revision. Then the fruit proceed to be labeled before disinfection.
Desinfection
After filling the trays and the respective labeling, a chemical treatment is necessary to prevent post-harvest diseases, particularly crown rot and mold. It consists placing all crowns and cuts made during the selection process at spray fungicide, combined with a scar healing.
The packaging of the fruit is done in corrugated boxes elaborated according to suitable dimensions and specifications, having in mind the packing weight, transit time and consumer market condition. A box consists of "Fund" and "Cover".
To protect the fruit, the polyethylene is used in the following common ways: 1. Perforated foil 2. Pack polytube or perforated pipe 3. Cases without drilling 4. Individual coping or Cluster Pack.

Bananas provide a variety of vitamins and minerals:

Vitamin B6 - .5 mg.

Manganese - .3 mg.

Vitamin C - 9 mg.

Vitamin C - 9 mg.

Dietary Fiber - 3g.

Protein - 1 g.

Magnesium - 34 mg.

Folate - 25.0 mcg.

Riboflavin - .1 mg.

Niacin - .8 mg.

Vitamin A - 81 IU.

Iron - .3 mg.

Health Benefits, Facts, Research

Bananas are one of the most widely consumed fruits in the world for good reason. The curved yellow fruit packs a big nutritional punch, wrapped in its own convenient packaging. Some scientists believe that the banana may have even been the world's first fruit. Dan Koeppel, author of Banana: The Fate of the Fruit That Changed the World, traces the banana back to the Garden of Eden, where he believes it was the banana, not the apple, that was the "forbidden fruit" that Eve offered Adam. Today, bananas are grown in at least 107 countries and are ranked fourth among the world's food crops in monetary value. Americans consume more bananas than apples and oranges combined. With the world consuming so many bananas, its unsurprising that people are asking the question: are bananas good for you?. This article will take a look at the potential health benefits of bananas, such as lowering the risks of cancer and asthma, lowering blood pressure, improving heart health and promoting regularity. It also examines the possible health risks associated with them.